This respected, rhetorically-arranged reader shows students, through accessible language and remarkable literary examples, how underlying rhetorical structures stimulate and direct all clear thinking and effective writing. And while THINKING IN WRITING covers traditional rhetorical principles, it also reflects the contemporary and practical work being done on the interconnectedness of composition and cognition. The introductory chapter and the apparatus for each essay is designed to help students generate ideas and turn them into effective papers. The fourth edition provides an extraordinary update with over 70% new readings, new "thematically-paired" essays in each chapter, a new photo insert that shows the role of rhetoric and the construction of gender in rhetoric in advertising, and much much more.
|Table of Contents|
Introduction: "Learning To Writing Is Learning To Think"
Betty Edwards: "Left and Right"
*Nancy Mairs: "On Being Cripple"
*Edward Hoagland: "Turtles"
*Annie Dillard: "The Stunt Pilot"
Observation and Inference
*Ian Frazier: "Making Marks"
Abstract and Concrete
Joan Didion: "On Morality"
CHAPTER 1: NARRATION
*Maya Angelou: "Graduation"
*E.B. White: "Once More to the Lake"
*Judith Ortiz Cofer: "American History"
*Maxine Hong Kingston: "No Name Woman"
Thematic Pair: Giving into Pressure
*Langston Hughes: "Salvation"
*George Orwell: "Shooting an Elephant"
CHAPTER 2: DESCRIPTION
Mary Gordon: "More Than Just a Shrine: Paying Homage to the Ghosts of Ellis Island"
*N. Scott Momaday: "A First American Views His Land"
Virginia Woolf: "The Death of a Moth"
Gretel Ehrlich: "Time on Ice"
Thematic Pair: What We Wear
*Jamaica Kincaid: "Biography of a Dress"
*James Agee: "Overalls"
CHAPTER 3: EXEMPLIFICATION
*Ishmael Reed: "America: The Multinational Society"
*Michiko Kakutani: "The Word Police"
*Ruth Schwartz Cowan: "Less Work for Mother?"
*Alice Walker: "In Search of Our Mothers? Gardens"
Thematic Pair: Negotiating Public Space
*Edward T. Hall: "The Arab World"
*Brent Staples: "Just Walk on By: A Black Man Ponders His Ability to Alter Public Spaces"
CHAPTER 4: DEFINITION
*Herbert Gans: "The Underclass"
Thomas Sowell: "We?re Not Really `Equal"?
*Perri Klass: "Ambition"
*Nancy Gibbs: "When Is It Rape?"
Thematic Pair: Language and Prejudice
*Gloria Naylor: "A Question of Language"
*Alleen Pace Nilsen: "Sexism in Language"
CHAPTER 5: CLASSIFICATION
*Judith Viorst: "Friends, Good Friends--and Such Good Friends"
*Russell Baker: "Plot Against People"
*David Cole: "Five Myths about Immigration"
Donald Hall: "Four Kinds of Reading"
Thematic Pair: Understanding Human Behavior
*Desmond Morris: "Territorial Behavior"
*John Holt: "Three Kinds of Discipline"
CHAPTER 6: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST
*Bruce Catton: "Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts"
*Suzanne Britt: "Neat People versus Sloppy People"
Karen Horney: "Fear and Anxiety"
*E.J. Dionne, Jr.: "How Liberals and Conservatives Are Failing America"
Thematic Pair: Language and Gender
*Deborah Tannen: "How Male and Female Students Use
John Mack Faragher: "Pioneer Diaries of Women and Men"
CHAPTER 7: ANALOGY
Lewis Thomas: "The Attic of the Brain"
Mark Twain: "Reading the River"
Plato: "The Allegory of the Cave"
*Katha Pollitt: "Feminism at the Crossroads"
Thematic Pair: Television as a Drug
Marie Winn: "TV Addiction"
*Pete Hamill: "Crack in the Box"
CHAPTER 8: CAUSE AND EFFECT
*Amy Cunningham: "Why Women Smile"
*Laurence Steinberg: "Bound to Bicker"
*Stephen Jay Gould: "Of Crime, Cause, and Correlation"
*Patricia Williams: "Hate Radio"
Thematic Pair: The Global Future
Sir Frederick Hoyle: "The Next Ice Age"
*Carl Sagan: "The Warming of the World"
CHAPTER 9: PROCESS ANALYSIS
Michael Anania: "Starting"
Ernest Hemingway: "When You Camp Out, Do It Right"
*Yogi Ramacharaka: "The Complete Breath"
*Lars Eighner: "On Dumpster Diving"
Thematic Pair: On the Writing Process
Kurt Vonnegut: "How to Write with Style"
*Don Murray: "Maker?s Eyes"
CHAPTER 10: ARGUMENT AND PERSUASION
*Jonathan Swift: "A Modest Proposal"
*Thomas Jefferson: "The Declaration of Independence"
*Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions"
*John F. Kennedy: "On Being Inaugurated President of the United States"
*Martin Luther King: "I Have a Dream"
Three Brief Arguments on Current Issues:
1. Free Speech on Campus
*Nat Hentoff: "Should This Student Have Been Expelled"
*Vartan Gregorian: "Free Speech, Yes. Drunkenness? No."
2. Gun Control
*Sandra S. Froman: "Armed and Safe"
*Senator?s Campbell?s Rebuttal
*Ms. Froman?s Rebuttal
*Tom Campbell: "Armed and Dangerous"
3. The Death Penalty
*Edward I. Koch: "Death and Justice: How Capital
Punishment Affirms Life"
*David Bruck: "The Death Penalty: A Response to Edward
A Case Study in Persuasion in Contemporary America
Four-color portfolio of advertisements